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barbican-in-warsawThe Barbican in Warsaw is part of the historical fortification system in the northern part of the Warsaw Old Town. The structure was built in the 16th century and was reconstructed after World War II.

Short description

T he purpose of a Barbican is to strengthen the defense of the city in general and the city gate in particular against possible invasions.

The Barbican is an oval-shaped brick fortification with 4 pointed bastions. Originally, it stood in front of a city gate and served as a defensive outpost and checkpoint for travelers. The Barbican and the city wall played a significant role throughout history, especially during the Polish-Swedish wars in the 17th century.

During World War II, the Barbican in Warsaw suffered extensive damage and was almost completely destroyed. In the 1950s, it was extensively restored. Since then, it has become a symbol of Warsaw’s historical heritage and is part of the UNESCO-listed Old Town.

The Barbican is an important part of Warsaw’s history, reminding us of the city’s past and its resilience in various challenges and conflicts. It serves as a tangible link to the past and contributes to the unique character of Warsaw’s Old Town.

Inside, there is a museum with a picture exhibition about the reconstruction of the Old Town.

Along the foundations of the Barbican, there is a black line that serves as a reminder of the destruction. The line marks the path of the ruins from 1945.

Type of attraction
Reconstructed fortification
In the touristic area?
Yes | Old Town

The medieval city wall surrounds the Old Town, for which we have created a separate overview.

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